Colon Rectal Surgeons Inc.


What is fiber and why is it important?

  • Dietary fiber is found only in plant foods. Good sources of dietary fiber include whole grains, vegetables, fruit, nuts and seeds. However, meat, fish, poultry, eggs, dairy products, fats, oils and sugar contain no dietary fiber.
  • Dietary fiber increase stool bulk, softens stools, and stimulates the healthy movement of food through the digestive tract. Consuming high fiber foods helps prevent and treat constipation. In addition, dietary fiber can play an important role in the prevention or treatment of: obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, colon cancer, diverticular disease and irritable bowel syndrome.

Our Dietary Fiber Handout provided more information on fiber and fiber content of common foods.

What is a Colonoscopy and should I have one?

  • Colonoscopy is an examination of the colon utilizing a long, flexible tube called a colonoscope. This is passed up through the anus into the colon. The examiner can then make a direct inspection of the lining of the colon. Most colorectal polyps can be removed using a colonoscope.
  • The colonoscopy exam is usually done as an outpatient. There is some mild discomfort or cramping at times when air is put into the bowel or when the scope is passed around corners. To help decrease this, an IV is usually started. Medications are given through the IV as needed to help control the discomfort. If polyps are seen, they may be removed. Biopsies are done of removed tissue. Removal and biopsy of polyps should not cause any discomfort.
  • If you are experiencing any colorectal problems such as pain, bleeding or irregular bowel habits your doctor may suggest that you undergo a colonoscopy. If you are age 50 and over, or over 40 with a family history of colon rectal cancer or polyps, our doctors strongly recommend that you have a colonoscopy and undergo a regular screening program.

What is polyp?

  • A polyp is a growth on the wall of the large intestine (colon).
  • There are several types of polyps, but by far the two most common are:
    • Hyperplastic polyps are a harmless growth of excess normal tissue.
    • Adenomatous polyps are a growth of abnormal tissue with the potential to become a cancer. This transition to cancer appears to take place over period of years.
  • A polyp is a growth on the wall of the large intestine (colon).
  • The cause of polyps is not known. About 10-15 percent of the population have colorectal polyps and 1 in 20 Americans will go on to developed a colorectal cancer sometime during their life.

For more information click here.

What is Laparoscopic Surgery?

  • It is intestinal surgery through small incisions.
  • Traditional surgical treatment for many intestinal disorders has required a large abdominal incision. Laparoscopic surgery has been used for several years in treating gall bladder and gynecologic problems. Today, colorectal surgeons are using laparoscopic techniques to perform intestinal surgery for selected patients.
  • We have learned that a laparoscopic approach may offer benefits following surgery. Patients undergoing laparoscopy may have reduced post-operative pain and a quicker return to activities enjoyed before surgery.

For more information click here.

Cancer runs in my family, should I be concerned?

  • People with a close relative, such as sibling, parent or child who has had colorectal cancer or a pre-cancerous polyp should have the same screening as people of average risk, but it should begin at age 40 or 5 years before the age at which the youngest was diagnosed.
  • People with a family history of colorectal cancer in several close relatives and several generations, especially cancers occurring at a young age, should receive genetic counseling and consider genetic testing for a condition called hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer. People with this family medical history should have an examination of the entire colon preferably colonoscopy every two years starting between the age of 20 and 30, and every year after age 40.
  • People with a family history of an inherited disease called familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) should receive counseling and consider genetic testing to see if they are carriers for the gene that causes the disease.
  • People with this gene or whose tests are inconclusive should have a flexible sigmoidoscopy annually beginning at puberty to see if they are expressing the gene. If polyposis is present, they should discuss with their physician the need for total colectomy, which involves removing all the colon and rectum.

What should I do if I think I might have a colon or rectal problem?

Information found on our site is strictly informational and should not be used for self diagnosing. Only a trained medical professional can determine whether or not any medical problems are serious or require treatment. If you do have reason to question your colorectal health, you should contact our office and make an appointment with one of our physicians.